Ezra Ayres Carman
Brigadier General, United States Army
And Photo Courtesy of the Carman Family Website:
Ezra Ayres Carman was Lieutenant Colonel of the 7th Regiment of New Jersey Volunteers during the Civil War. He volunteered at Newark, New Jersey on 3 September 1861, and was honorably discharged at Newark on 8 July 1862 (This discharge was to accommodate his taking command of another Regiment ). He was wounded in the line of duty at Williamsburg, Virginia on 5 May 1862 by a gunshot wound to his right arm in action. He also served as Colonel of the 13th Regiment of New Jersey Volunteers from 5 August 1862 to 5 June 1865. He was later promoted to the rank of Brigadier General.
"Carman, Ezra Ayres. NJ. NJ. Lt. Col. 7 NJ Inf. 19 Sept 1861; Col. 13 NJ inf. 8 July 1862; bvt brig gen vols. 13 Mar 1865 for gal and mer ser dur the war; hon must out 8 June 1865" - Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States.
"A Historical address on the Carman Family by General Ezra Ayers Carman of the Agricultural Department, Washington, DC, was the principle oration. The gentleman is a pleasant easy speaker", says the newspaper account, "and also knows how to tell a joke. He was heartily applauded throughout his remarks...." - The Carman Family Reunion of 1881, published in the Long Island Forum, August 1981, Charles Pearsall Carman.
As noted above, he was an active member of the 'Carman Association' and key-note speaker for the reunion held in Hempstead. He was actively writing a genealogical book of his own on the Carman Family, which was never completed. He sent many letters out across the County (and to Canada) requesting information and Family Group Sheets to be filled out. Many responded, and his vast bank of information was borrowed on more than one occasion by William Stillwell Carman in preparing his manuscripts. Ezra's genealogical work documentation is unparalleled by any one else in the Carman family.
Ezra Ayes Carman was Chief Clerk of the United States Department of Agriculture from 1877 to 1885 (during which time he mailed out most of his genealogical letters on Government stationary - probably one reason most people responded to him!. He served on the Anteitam Battlefield Board from 1894 to 1898 and he is acknowledged as probably the leading authority on that battle . In 1905 he was appointed chairman of the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park Commission.
General Carman was living with his son, L.D. Carman, at 1351 Q Street NW, Washington DC, at the time of his death. His son was a medical examiner in the U.S. Pension Bureau and signed his death certificate. Ezra Ayres Carman died of Pneumonia. His wife, Ada, was living in Los Angeles at the time taking care of her blind brother.
General Ezra Ayres Carman is buried at Arlington
Nat Arch Cert. No. 695625 for pensioner Ada S., widow of Ezra A. Carman
Declaration for Original Invalid Pension: State of New Jersey, Hudson Co. On this 22nd day of April 1875, appeared Ezra A. Carman, a resident of Jersey City in the state of New Jersey, aged 41 years, declares he was a Lieutenant Colonel of the 7th Regt of New Jersey Volunteers. That he volunteered at Newark, on or about the 3rd day of September 1861, and was honorably discharged at Newark on the 8th day of July 1862.
(Note: this must have been a discharge to take command of the other Regt., as later info indicates.)
While in service in the line of his duty
at Williamsburg, VA, on 5th of May 1862, he received gunshot wound of right
arm in action. And further that subsequent to his discharge from the service
in which his disability occurred, he served as Colonel 13th Regt
NJ Vols. from August 5, 1862 to June 5, 1865, and that he has not otherwise
been in the military. Document is witnessed by William A. Brown and
Robert McCague, Jr., residents of Hudson County, NJ. Affidavit 4
Aug 1880, from John J. H. Love, MD, Surgeon of the 13th Regt NJ Vol. from
the time of its
(Note: Ezra A. Carman's original pension certificate No. 141349; but the file is under the widow's pension.)
Transcript of Ezra Carman's death certificate from Washington DC.
He died 25 Dec 1909, aged 75 years, 9 months,
and 27 days. His occupation at time of death was: Chairman, Chickamauga
Park Commission. Birthplace of deceased: Middlesex Co., NJ (same shown
as birthplace of Father and Mother) Duration of residence in DC: 32 years
Place of Death: 1351 Q St. NW (Note: his son's address. His son, L. D.,
was an MD and signed his father's death certificate.)
A typewritten letter from L. D. Carman (quoted in full):
"In pension claim of Ada S. Carman as widow
of Ezra A. Carman, Lieut. Col. 7th NJ Vol. Inf., and Col. 13th NJ Vol.
EXHIBIT A (mentioned in the letter from L. D. Carman)
Family Record - CARMAN
Family Record - SALMON
Lastly, a note that Ada S. Carman was dropped from the pension rolls due to death on 22 July 1916. Her address at that time was 903 Grattan St., Los Angeles, CA
GENERAL EZRA AYRES CARMAN
WASHINGTON, December 25, 1909 - General Ezra Ayres Carman, since 1905 Chairman of the Chickamauga and Chattanooga Park Commission and previously a member of the Antietam Battlefield Board, died at his home here today, aged 75. He served throughout the Civil War, being made at its close a brevet Brigadier General.
Posted: 15 November 2000 Updated: 2 January 2002 Updated: 2 April 2002 Updated: 22 February 2003 Updated: 24 Sepember 2006
Updated: 15 December 2007