George Brinton McClellan
Member, U.S. House of Representatives
Mayor of New York City
Lieutenant Colonel, United States Army
in Dresden, Saxony (Germany) where his parents were visiting,
on November 23, 1865. He was the son of General George Brinton and Ellen
M. (Marcy) McClellan.
Received his A.B. degree from Princeton in 1886, his A.M. degree and L.L.B. degree from Fordham in 1905 and Union Univesity in 1906. He married Georgiana L. Heckscher, October 30, 1889.
He worked as a reporter on the staffs of various New York daily newspapers. Was the treasurer, New York and Brooklyn Bridge Company, 1889-92. He was admitted to the New York State Bar in 1892. Served as President, Board of Aldermen, New York City, 1893-94 and a member of the 54th-58 Congresses (1895-1903).
Was a member of the Committee on Ways in Means in the Congress. Served as the Mayor of New York City, 1903-09. He was a Stafford Little Lecturer on public affairs, 1911-12 and Professor of Economic History, 1912-31, Professor Emeritus, 1931. Lecturer at Cornell, Rutgers, Washington & Jefferson, and Washington & Lee Universities.
He served as an officer in the Ordnance Department, United States Army, from April 1917 to January 1918. He served both in the United States and in France during World War I, particularly in the Meuse-Argonne Campaign. He received an honorable discharge from military service on April 18, 1919.
He was an honorary member of the American Institure of Architects, was awarded Medal of Beaux Arts, Society of Architects, 1909. Was a patron of the American Museum of Natural History and a Grand Officer of the Order of the Crown of Italy.
He died at his home in Washington, DC, on November
30, 1940 and was buried in Section 2 of Arlington National Cemetery. His
wife, Georgiana, died on December 8, 1952 and was buried with him.
McCLELLAN, George Brinton, a Representative from New York; born November 23, 1865, in Dresden, Saxony, where his parents were visiting; attended St. John’s School, Sing Sing (now Ossining), N.Y.; was graduated from Princeton College in 1886; worked as a reporter and in editorial positions on several New York newspapers; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1892 and commenced practice in New York City; treasurer of the New York and Brooklyn Bridge 1889-1893; president of the Board of Aldermen of New York City in 1893 and 1894; delegate to all Democratic National, State, and city conventions between 1890 and 1903; elected as a Democrat to the Fifty-fourth and to the four succeeding Congresses and served from March 4, 1895, to December 21, 1903, when he resigned, having been elected mayor of New York City; served as mayor from 1903 to 1910; university lecturer on public affairs 1908-1912; elected professor of economic history at Princeton University in 1912; an incorporator, trustee, and vice president of the American Academy in Rome; during the First World War entered the military service as major in the Ordnance Department in May 1917 and was honorably discharged in May 1919 as lieutenant colonel; commissioned colonel in the Ordnance Officers’ Reserve Corps; resumed his position at Princeton University; resided in Washington, D.C., until his death on November 30, 1940; interment in Arlington National Cemetery.
McClellan, George Brinton (November 23, 1865 - November 30, 1940), politician and university professor, was the older of two children and the only son of General George Brinton McClellan and Mary Ellen (Marcy) McClellan. Born in Dresden, Saxony, while his parents were visiting Europe, he belonged to a family whose Scottish forebears had emigrated to New England in the eighteenth century. His grandfather, Dr. George McClellan, was a prominent Philadelphia anatomist and surgeon; his father was the most controversial, if not most effective, Union general in the Civil War. His maternal grandfather, Randolph B. Marcy, was a regular army officer who served as General McClellan's chief of staff from 1861 to 1863.
McClellan's boyhood was spent in New York City, Baltimore, Trenton, New Jersey), and Europe. His early education was entrusted in large part to governesses and tutors, but in 1877 he was sent to St. John's, a boarding school at Sing Sing (later Ossining), New York. In 1882 he entered the College of New Jersey (Princeton). Following his graduation, in 1886, he traveled abroad for two years. Returning to the United States, he became a newspaper reporter, working successively for the New York Morning Journal, World, and Herald. Despite the demands of newspaper work, he found time to attend the New York Law School, and in 1892 he was admitted to the bar.
McClellan's political career began in 1889 with his appointment as treasurer of the New York and Brooklyn Bridge. In the same year he joined Tammany Hall, and by the mid-nineties he was a sachem and one of the organization's most prominent orators. In 1892 he was elected to the presidency of the New York City board of aldermen, and in 1895 he began the first of five terms as a Democratic Congressman. In the House of Representatives he became something of an authority on military affairs, was recognized as a better than average speaker, supported his party's stand on low tariffs and anti-imperialism, and was a member of the Ways and Means Committee. Although McClellan was a man of considerable ability and even distinction, his rapid rise in politics was due almost entirely to Tammany's desire to capitalize on his famous name. For his part, McClellan assured Richard Croker, Tammany's boss in the nineties: "I know that I owe . . . to you . . . everything . . . that I have in politics."
McClellan's career in Congress ended in 1903, when he was recalled to New York by Charles F. Murphy, who had succeeded Croker as boss of Tammany Hall, to run for mayor against Seth Low, the Republican incumbent. He defeated Low with relative ease; two years later he was reelected to a four-year term over William Randolph Hearst, who ran on the ticket of the Municipal Ownership party, and William M. Ivins, the Republican candidate, in one of the closest elections in the city's history. In his first term McClellan was a superior machine mayor who, while making no pretense of being a reformer, was able to keep a restraining hand on the more avaricious members of the organization. Following the election of 1905 he broke with Murphy in a dispute over patronage, and his second term was characterized by a pronounced independence. Among McClellan's notable accomplishments as mayor was a program of public works that included new bridges across the East River, establishment of municipal ferries, creation of a new and improved system of docks, additional parks and playgrounds, extension of the city's subway facilities, the start of the Catskill water project, and construction of the city's Municipal Building. As mayor, McClellan proved to be an efficient and imaginative administrator, with a wide knowledge of city affairs and an unchallenged reputation for integrity. Even his Republican critics conceded that his intellect and courteous manner gave the office a distinction that it had never known under other Tammany mayors.
When McClellan left City Hall at the end of 1909 his break with Murphy had already precluded whatever chances he might have had for political preferment. For a year he practised law in New York City, but the experience was not a happy one, and in 1911 he welcomed the opportunity to become a university lecturer on public affairs at Princeton. A year later Princeton appointed him professor of economic history. At the outbreak of the first World War he aroused considerable opposition by his outspoken demands for the strictest interpretation of American neutrality. The Heel of War, a collection of essays on conditions in the belligerent countries which he published in 1916, was condemned by most reviewers for what they considered its pro-German bias. Nevertheless, when the United States entered the war McClellan volunteered, became a major in the ordnance department, served overseas, and rose to the rank of lieutenant colonel. Following the armistice he returned to his professorship at Princeton, where he remained until his retirement in 1931.
Throughout his life McClellan was a knowledgeable student of art and history. An incorporator and vice-president of the American Academy in Rome, he was also a member of several organizations of artists and architects in the United States. One of the few Americans of his time who was an authority on Italian history, he was the author of The Oligarchy of Venice (1904), Venice and Bonaparte (1931), and Modern Italy (1933). In addition he wrote numerous newspaper and magazine articles on both current affairs and history.
In 1889 McClellan married Georgiana Louise Heckscher, a niece of the wealthy New York capitalist August Heckscher. McClellan and his wife shared many interests, particularly their affection for Italy, which they visited almost annually. They had no children. Following McClellan's retirement from Princeton they moved to Washington, and it was there that he died. He was buried in Arlington National Cemetery.
life was compounded of paradoxes. He was an ultra-conservative in a period
of far-reaching reform, an avowed aristocrat who welcomed the chance to
become a Tammany sachem, and a cynic who consistently sought the prizes
he professed to scorn. He joined Tammany partly to serve his own ambitions,
but partly because he felt that citizens of the "better type" should take
part in such an organization. As a young man he had been determined to
avenge his father's failure in politics, but he too failed. Like his father
before him, he never forgave the American people for refusing to bestow
on him the rewards that he thought he deserved.
WASHINGTON, December 1, 1940 – Funeral services for Colonel George B. McClellan, Mayor of New York, 1903-09, and son of the famous Civil War General, will be held at St. John’ Episcopal Church, opposite the White House, at 2 P.M. tomorrow, with private burial, following cremation, in Arlington National Cemetery, Wednesday morning.
Colonel McClellan, who was also a former member of Congress and on the Princeton faculty, 1912-30, died at his home here early yesterday.
MCCLELLAN, GEORGE B
MCCLELLAN, GEORGIANA L W/O GEORGE B
Page Updated: 25 October 2000 Updated: 12 January 2002 Updated: 14 June 2003 Updated: 13 May 2004 Updated: 4 September 2004
Updated: 21 January 2008
Photo from his
Photo By M. R. Patterson, 23 April 2004