Henry Martyn Robert
Brigadier General, United States Army
General Robert was a career military officer, eventually rising to Chief
Engineer of the Army, he is best remembered in history for his book which is still used to this day in order to conduct
meetings. He wrote the book as a young military officer who, while preparing
to hold a town meeting, found that no rules for such a meeting existed.
He died at Hormel, New York, on May 11, 1923
at the age of 86 and is buried in Section 3 of Arlington National
Courtesy of the United States Army
Chief of Engineers (April 30, 1901-May 2, 1901)
Born May 2, 1837, in South Carolina,
Henry Robert graduated fourth in the Military Academy class of 1857.
After receiving his commission in the Corps of Engineers, he taught at
the Military Academy and then explored routes for wagon roads in the West
and engaged in fortification work in Puget Sound. During the Civil War
he worked on the defenses of Washington and Philadelphia. Robert
served as Engineer of the Army's Division of the Pacific in 1867-71.
He then spent two years improving rivers in Oregon and Washington and six
years developing the harbors of Green Bay and other northern Wisconsin
and Michigan ports. He subsequently improved the harbors of
Oswego, Philadelphia, and Long Island Sound and constructed locks and dams
on the Cumberland and Tennessee rivers. As Southwest Division
Engineer from 1897 to 1901, Robert studied how to deepen the Southwest
Pass of the Mississippi River. Robert was president of the Board of Engineers
from 1895 to 1901. He was made brigadier general on April 30, 1901,
and was appointed Chief of Engineers. He served until May 2, 1901,
when he retired from the Army. He died May 1, 1923, in Hornell,
New York. He became famous for his Pocket Manual of Rules of Order,
a compendium of parliamentary law firstpublished in 1876 and better known
today as Robert's Rules of Order.
U.S. Army Photo
Revised: 18 October 2000