John Sanford Mason
Brigadier General, United States Army
Sanford Mason was born at Steubenville, Ohio, August 21, 1824. After attending
local schools he was appointed to the United States Military Academy in
1843. From his graduation in 1847 until he retired 41 years later at the
statuary age of 64, he pursued exclusively a military career.
His service began with garrison duty in Tampico during Mexican War and ended with the Colonelcy of the 9th United States Infantry at Fort Whipple, Arizona. In the interval served in such widely separated posts as Fort Adams at Newport, Rhode Island, San Diego, California, and Fort Vancouver, Washington, D.C., where he was stationed when the Civil War broke out.
In October 1861 he was appointed Colonel of the 4th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, a regiment with which he fought in western Virginia during the fall and winter under command of General James Shields. In McClellan's Peninsular Campaign he served briefly at Harrison's Landing. Not mentioned in Official Records again until Fredericksburg, where he commanded a Brigade of Sedgewick's II Corps of "Right Grand Division." He had been promoted to Brigadier General November 28, 1862, although listed at Fredericksburg as a Colonel, and in April 1863, was assigned to muster and recruit duty, first in Ohio, and for the last two years of the war in California and Nevada.
In 1865 he was breveted through grades to that of Brigadier General, United States Army. He was promoted to Major of the 17th United States Infantry in 1864, and stood duty in a number of posts on western frontier in the 1870's and the 1880's, receiving promotion to Lieutenant Colonel in 1873 and Colonel in 1883. His stations included the states and territories of Texas, New Mexico, Wyoming, Washington, D.C., Ohio, and Arizona.
After he retired in 1888, he resided in Washington,
D.C. where he died November 29, 1897. He was buried with full military
honors in Section 1, Grave 541, of Arlington National Cemetery.
WASHINGTON, November 20, 1897 – Colonel John S. Mason, USA, retires, died tonight at 10:25 at his residence, 1410 N Street, this city. He had suffered from general paralysis and his death was not unexpected. The body will be interred at Arlington and the arrangements will be completed after the arrival of his son, Captain Charles Mason, who is stationed at Fort Sheridan.
Colonel Mason leaves a widow and a daughter-in-law, Mrs. J. S. Mason, Jr., who is a daughter of General Ord. Captain J. S. Mason, Jr. perished at Pine Ridge from exposure in the line of duty. A stepdaughter is the wife of Mr. John F. Waggaman of this city.
Colonel Mason had a distinguished career in the Army. He was born seventy-three years ago and entered West Point in 1847 and saw service in the Mexican War. In the Civil War he was twice brevetted for bravery in action. The first time was at Fredericksburg, where he led the attack. The second time was at Antietam, where he was brevetted a Brigadier General.
He was Adjutant General of the Department of Texas and after the war was Provost of the Pacific coast.
Colonel Mason was a cousin of President Garfield’s wife and during the Garfield administration was Deputy Governor of the Soldiers Home at Washington.
He was a Colonel of the Ninth Infantry, USA, when he was retired in 1888. After his retirement Colonel Mason lived quietly in Washington. He was twice married.
MASON, JOHN S
Photo By M. R. Patterson, October 2002
John Sanford Mason of Ohio
Appointed From Ohio, Cadet, United States Military Academy, 1 July 1843 (9)
Commissioned Second Lieutenant, 3rd U. S. Artillery, 1 July 1847
First Lieutenant, 7 September 1860;
Quartermaster, 27 June 1854 to 1 June 1858
Captain, 11th U. S. Infantry, 14 May1861
Colonel, 4th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, 3 October 1861
Brigadier General, U. S. Volunteers, 29 November 1862
Honorably mustered out of the volutner service, 30 April 1866
Major, 17th U.S. Infantry, 14 October 1864
Transferred to 35th U. S. Infantry, 21 September 1866
Transferred to 15th U. S. Infantry, 15 Mar 1869
Lieuenant Colonel, 4th U. S. Infantry, 11 Decemebr 1873
Transferred to 20th U. S. Infantry, 25 February 1881
Colonel, 9th U. S. Infantry, 2 April 1883
Retired form active duty, 21 August 1888
Breveted Major, 17 September 1862 for gallant and meritorious service in the battle of Antietam, Maryland
Breveted Lieuenant Colonel, 13 December 1862, for gallant and meritorious service in the battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia
Breveted Colonel, 13 March 1865 for gallant and meritorious service dur the war and Brigadier General, 13 Mar 1865 for gallant and meritorious service in the field during the war
Died 29 November 1897
John Sanford Mason, Jr. of California
NOTE: First Lieutenant John Sanford Mason, Jr., First United States Infantry, died in camp at Pine Ridge Agency. February 13, 1891.
Mason, John Sanford, Jr. of California. Appointed from Texas, Second Lieutenant, 1st United States Infantry, 1 September 1879; First Lieutenant, 20 April 1886; Died 13 February 1891.
Posted: 23 October 2001 Updated: 11 August 2002 Updated: 18 August 2002 Updated: 19 July 2003 Updated: 7 September 2004
Updated: 27 March 2006 Updated: 29 October 2006 Updated: 17 October 2007 Updated: 3 January 2008
Photo By M. R. Patterson, October 2007
Photos By M. R. Patterson, 28 June 2003