ANC Website Top BANNER 2
Rufus Saxton
Major General, United States Volunteers
Brigadier General, United States Army
Michigan State Flag
 Born October 19, 1824 at Greenfield, Massachusetts, Rufus Saxton attended nearby Deerfield Academy and worked on the family farm until, at age 20, he received appointment to West Point from which he graduated in 1849.

He was appointed Second Lieutenant, Artillery, and he served in that Branch against the Seminole Indians in Florida, on the Northern Pacific Railroad, in garrison on several posts, on the Coastal Survey in the East, as an Instructor of Artillery Tactics at West Point and on other Eastern duty. During this period, he patented a self-registering thermostat for deep-sea soundings.

When the Civil War broke out in 1861, he was in command of an artillery detachment at the St. Louis Arsenal, but after assisting General Nathaniel Lyon in dispersing the disloyal Missouri State Guard at Camp Jackson, he became Lyon's Chief Quartermaster. He then joined General George B. McClellan's staff in West Virginia and later accompanied the Port Royal Expedition as Quartermaster. He was appointed Brigadier General of U.S. Volunteers as of April 15, 1862 and commanded the defenses of Harpers Ferry in May and June. During the balance of the war he commanded at various points in the South under a multiplicity of formal titles. However, his principal occupation was the enlistment and organization of Negroes, principally ex-slaves, into the Federal Army. At the end of the war, he passed naturally into the newly created Freedman's Bureau, acting as its Assistant Commissioner for the States of South Carolina, Georgia and Florida until January 1866, when he was mustered out of the volunteer service. He was awarded the Medal of Honor on April 25, 1893 for service as a Brigadier General, United States Volunteers, at Harpers Ferry, Virginia, where he displayed "Distinguished gallantry an good conduct in the defense."

He was breveted Major General of Volunteers and Brigadier General in the Regular Army, but returned to his pre-war grade of Major to the Quartermaster Department, where he served faithfully and competently in various districts and departments across the country for 22 years. He became a Lieutenant Colonel in 1872 and Colonel and Assistant Quartermaster General in 1882. During his last five years of service, he commanded the Quartermaster Depot, Jeffersonville, Kentucky. After retiring on October 19, 1888, he made his home in Washington, D.C. where he died on February 23, 1908. He is buried in Section 1 of Arlington National Cemetery under a private memorial which reads:

"Be not afraid ye wailing ones who weep.
For God still giveth his beloved sleep.
And in an endless sleep - so best."

His wife, Matilda Gordon Saxton (1840-1915), is buried with him.

Samuel Willard Saxton of Massachusetts
Captain and Assistant Aide de Camp, 30 Apr 1862
Brevet Major of U.S. Volunteers, 12 January 1865
Honorably mustered out of the volunteer service 20 July 1866

His brother, S. Willard Saxton, Brevet Major of United States Volunteers (1829-1883), (Samuel Willard Saxton of Massachusetts Captain and Assistant Aide de Camp, 30 Apr 1862; Brevet Major of U.S. Volunteers, 12 January 1865; Honorably mustered out of the volunteer service 20 July 1866) is buried next to him, as is Willard's wife, Mary Grant Saxton (1836-1930.)


SAXTON, RUFUS

Rank and organization: Brigadier General, U.S. Volunteers. P/ace and date: At Harpers Ferry, West Virginia, 26 to 30 May 1862. Entered service at: Deerfield, Massachusetts. Birth: Greenfield, Massachusetts. Date of issue: 25 April 1893. 

Citation:

Distinguished gallantry and good conduct in the defense.



Rufus Saxton PHOTO
Photo Courtesy of the National Archives



Photos courtesy of Raymond L. Collins, 1999

Rufus Saxton Gravesite PHOTO

Rufus Saxton Gravesite PHOTO
Photographs By M. R. Patterson, October 2002

SAXTON, MATILDA S
DATE OF DEATH: 07/14/1915
BURIED AT: SECTION W D  SITE 20-A
ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY

Webmaster: Michael Robert Patterson


Page Updated: 1 October 2000 Updated: 8 June 2001 Updated: 1 September 2002 Updated: 18 October 2002 Updated: 28 September 2003 Updated: 6 November 2005 
Updated: 27 March 2006 Updated: 5 May 2008
US Military Academy (West Point) SEAL
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

US Army Medal of Honor