Thomas McArthur Anderson
Brigadier General, United States Army
on January 21, 1836, near Chillicothe, Ohio, and graduated from St Mary's
College, Maryland, in 1855, and three years later from Cincinnati Law School,
whereupon was admitted to bar and entered practice in Cincinnati.
In April 1861, he enlisted as a Private in the 65th Ohio Volunteers. A short time later, through the influence of uncle, General Robert Anderson of Fort Sumter fame, he was commissioned Second Lieutenant of the 5th US Cavalry. He was soon promoted to Captain, and served through the Civil War with the 12th US Infantry, being twice wounded and twice brevetted, to Major for conduct in Wilderness and to Lieutenant Colonel for Spotsylvania Court House.
After the war he remained in the Army, rising to Colonel, commanding the 14th Infantry. In 1898, with the temporary rank of Brigadier General, he commanded the first troops to reach the Philippines after George Dewey's victory in Manila Bay.
Arriving July 17 with some 2,000 men, he occupied Cavite, the vital naval base in the bay, and on August 13, when US ground forces had grown to about 15,000, constituting General Wesley Merritt's VIII Corps, he led first of them into the city of Manila.
In command of the 1st Div, he saw action in the battles of Santana, San Pedro, Passe, and Guadalupe in early months of the Philippine Insurrection.
He was promoted to Brigadier General in March 1899, and retired in January 1900. He lived in Vancouver, Washington, until his death in Portland, Oregon, May 8, 1917. He was buried in Section 3 of Arlington National Cemetery.
His married daughter, Minnie Anderson Allen, who died on October
25, 1904, is buried with him, as is his son, Thomas
McArthur Anderson, Jr., Colonel, United States Army (1875-1936).
Thomas McArthur Anderson of Ohio
Appointed from Ohio, Private, Company A, 6th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, 20 April
to 15 May 1861
Second Lieutenant, 2ns U.S. Cavalry, 7 May 1861
Captain, 12th U.S. Infantry, 14 May 1861
Transferred to the 21st U.S. Infantry, 21 September 1866
Major, 26 March 1868
Unassigned 15 March 1869
Assigned to the 10th U.S. Infantry, 24 June 1869
Lietunant Colonel, 9th U.S. Infantry, 20 Mar 1879
Colonel, 14th U.S. Infantry, 6 September 1886
Brigadier General of U.S. Volunteers, 4 May 1898
Major General of U.S. Volunteers, 13 August 1898
Honorably discharged from U.S. Volunteers, 12 June 1899
Brigadier General, United States Army, 31 March 1899
Retired 21 January 1900
Brevet Major, 1 August 1864 for gallant service in the battle of the Wilderness Virginia and Lietuenant Colonel, 1 August 1864 for gallant service in the battle of Spottsylvania Virginia
ANDERSON, THOMAS M
United States Army
VETERAN SERVICE DATES: Unknown
DATE OF DEATH: 05/08/1917
DATE OF INTERMENT: 05/08/1917
BURIED AT: SECTION 3 SITE 1880
ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY
ANDERSON, ELIZABETH VAN W W/O THOMAS M
ALLEN, MINNIE ANDERSON W/O R H
(*) Robert Henry Allen of Virginia
Photo Courtesy of the National Archives
Posted: 3 May 1999 Updated: 4 November 2000 Updated: 18 August 2001 Updated: 19 December 2001 Updated: 13 February 2003
Updated: 3 October 2004 Updated: 3 November 2005