Horatio Gouverneur Wright
Major General, United States Army
at Clinton, Connecticut March 6, 1820, he graduated from the U.S. Military
Academy in 1842, second in his class, remaining two years as Assistant
Professor of Engineering at West Point.
He was appointed a Brigadier General of Volunteers in September 1861, and Major General of Volunteers in July 1862. During the Civil War, he served Chief engineer of Heintzelman's Division at the battle of Bull Run, and in the Port Royal expedition he commanded a Brigade. In February 1862, he was in the expedition that captured Fernandina, Florida, and commanded a Division in the attack on Secessionville, South Carolina in June 1862. In July he was assigned to the Department of the Ohio, and commanded the 1st Division, VI Corps, in the Army of the Potomac at Gettysburg. After General Sedgwick's death, he was in command of the VI Corps, which he led in the Richmond campaign until July 1864, when he was sent to the defense of the national capital, and afterwards, in August to December, he was engaged in the Shenandoah campaign. He was wounded in the battle of Cedar Creek, and was in final military operations which ended with the surrender of Lee. After the Civil War he was military governor of Texas until 1866 when he resumed his practice of civil engineering.
He was breveted Major General, US Army, in March 1865, was promoted to Brigadier General and Chief of Engineers, June 30, 1879, and was retired March 6, 1884. He died at Washington, DC, July 2, 1899.
During his career he undertook numerous military
engineering tasks. He completed the Washington Monument, which had been
halted because of the Civil War, in 1884, the year that he retired from
the Army with the rank of Brigadier General. The obelisk marking his grave
was erected by survivors of VI Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, which he
commanded from the Battle of Spotsylavnia in May 1864 to the end of the
Courtesy of the Library of Congress
Photo Courtesy of Janet Greentree
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Updated: 27 March 2006