Colonel, United States Air Force
Jabara was born in Muskogee, Oklahoma, October 10, 1923. He was of Lebanese
American descent and his parents came from Marjayoun, Lebanon. He graduated
from Wichita High School North in Wichita, Kansas, in May of 1942, and
immediately enlisted as an Aviation Cadet at Fort Riley, Kansas. After
attending four flying schools in Texas, he received his pilot's wings and
a commission as Second Lieutenant in October, 1943, at Moore Field, Texas.
During World War II, Jabara flew two tours of combat duty in Europe as a P-51 pilot, the first with the 363rd Fighter Group of the Ninth Air Force from January to October, 1944, and the second as a P-51 pilot with the 355th Group of the Eighth Air Force from February to December, 1945. During his European combat, he flew 108 combat missions and was credited with the destruction of one and a half enemy planes in aerial combat and four on the ground.
After World War II, Colonel Jabara attended the Tactical Air School at Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida, and from 1947 to 1949 was stationed on Okinawa with the 53rd Fighter Group. Colonel Jabara returned to the United States and his last duty assignment before going to Japan was at the New Castle (Delaware) County Airport, where he was Flight Commander.
Jabara arrived in Japan December 13, 1950, and was assigned to the Fourth Fighter Interceptor Wing, a unit of the Fifth Air Force. By January 2, 1951, he had flown five combat missions in F-86 Sabrejets and had damaged one MiG-15 enemy jet fighter in air combat.
His first confirmed "kill" was April 3, 1951. He scored another April 10, a third April 12, a fourth April 22 and his fifth and sixth May 20, making him the first American jet ace in history. All his victories were against MiG-15 jets.
Colonel Jabara returned to the United States in May, 1951, for temporary assignment to Air Force Headquarters, Washington, D.C. and two months later was transferred to the Air Training Command at Scott Air Force Base, Illinois. Upon his request, he returned for another tour of duty overseas, arriving in Korea in January 1953. On his second tour, he shot down nine more MiGs for a total of 15.
He returned to the United States in July 1953 and was assigned to Headquarters of the 32nd Air Division, Syracuse, New York. He then assumed command of the 337th Fighter Interceptor Squadron, Westover Air Force Base, Massachusetts.
Colonel Jabara died in a car accident in Florida on November 17, 1966, just as he was preparing for his first tour in the Vietnam War.
During World War II, Colonel Jabara was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross with one Oak Leaf Cluster and the Air Medal with 18 Oak Leaf Clusters. While in Korea, he received the Distinguished Service Cross with one Oak Leaf Cluster and an Oak leaf Cluster to the Distinguished Flying Cross.
The Colonel James Jabara Airport outside of
Wichita, Kansas, was named after him. Each year, the United States Air
Force Academy alumni association awards the Jabara Award, named after Colonel
Jabara, to the Academy graduate whose accomplishments demonstrate superior
performance in fields directly involved with aerospace vehicles.
By June, he had shot down nine additional MiG-15s, giving him a total of 15 air-to-air jet victories during the Korean Conflict. Jabara was also credited with 1.5 victories over Europe during World War II. (The German Luftwaffe had 22 jet pilot aces during WWII but all claims were Allied prop-driven aircraft.)
On November 17, 1966 the Jabara family, James, Nina, James Jr., Carol Anne, Jeanne and Cathy, was driving on Florida's Sunshine State Parkway near Delray Beach on the way to a new home in South Carolina where wife and children would wait out Jimmy's planned combat tour of Viet Nam.
Jabara was by then the youngest Colonel in the Air Force, was widely rumored to be on the brink of promotion to General.
Carol Anne, sixteen years old, was driving a Volkswagen with her father as a passenger, while behind came Nina and the other children. Going through a construction zone, Carol Anne lost control of the car and it rolled several times. James Jabara was pronounced dead on arrival at the Delray hospital and Carol died two days later.
The two were buried together in a single grave
in Arlington National Cemetery.
HERO AND DAUGHTER BURIED
WASHINGTON, November 22, 1966 - Air Force Colonel
James Jabara, America's first jet ace, and his 16-year-old daughter Carol,
were buried today near President Kennedy's grave in Arlington National
Cemetery. Several hundred friends, including some of his fellow aces
of the Korean War, attended the double funeral ceremony. Colonel
Jabara, 43, and his daughterdied after and auto accident on the Florida
Turnpike on November 17.
DATE OF BIRTH: 10/10/1923
DATE OF DEATH: 11/17/1966
BURIED AT: SECTION 2 SITE E-478-C
ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY
JABARA, CAROL A D/O JAMES
Updated: 13 September 1999 Updated: 21 November 2001 Updated: 31 May 2003 Updated: 5 September 2005 Updated: 11 December 2006
Updated: 16 September 2007