Archibald Henry Sunderland – Major General, United States Army

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Archibald Henry Sunderland was born in Illinois on 2 Dec 1876 and attended the University of Illinois before being appointed to the United States Military Academy.

After graduation, he was assigned to Columbus Barracks and then to the Philippines in 1901. He participated in several encounters with the Moros near Lake Lanao.

Sunderland then served as an instructor in the Department of Mathematics for four years. Next, he was assigned to Fort Monroe, Virginia, with the Coast Artillery. He participated in the rescue of Americans tourists stranded in Europe during World War I, remained in Holland as a military attaché, and then went to France with the American Expeditionary Force as the director of the Heavy Artillery School.

During his assignment at Camp Eustis, Virginia, he was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel, Colonel, and Brigadier General within nine months. At the end of the war, however, he was returned to his original rank of Major.

Sunderland attended the General Service School and the Army War College and then was assigned to the War Department in Washington, D.C. He then served on the staff of the Hawaiian Department and as Chief of Staff of the Hawaiian Division.

Major General Sunderland retired in 1940 to Hampton, Virginia, where he lived until his death in 1960 at the age of 86. He is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.

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