Edward Everett Hayden (1858-1932) was born in Boston and graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 1879. He lost his leg in a climbing accident while on duty with the United States Geological Survey and subsequently was forced to retire in 1885. Through a special act of Congress, Hayden was restored to active duty in 1901, but was restricted to shore duty. During most of the intervening years, he worked for the navy as a civilian.
Hayden worked for the navy primarily as a scientist. In addition to his official duties, he published articles on timekeeping, hydrography, and meteorology, especially relating to hurricanes. The series titled Navy Files includes Hayden's correspondence with the Navy and War departments as well as office correspondence and miscellaneous items from each of his duty stations. A large number of official papers, photographs, and various documents preserved in the Navy Files relate to Hayden's work in charge of time service and chronometers at the Unted States Naval Observatory, Washington, D.C., from 1902 to 1910 and his service as commandant of the Key West naval station from 1910 to 1915.
BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE EDWARD EVERETT HAYDEN
14 April 1858, Born at Boston, Massachusetts
1875 Appointed cadet midshipman, United States Naval Academy
1879 Graduated fourth in class, United States Naval Academy. Assigned to the Kearsarge (screw sloop-of-war)
1881 Assigned to the New Hampshire (ship)
1882 Married Kate Reynolds
1883 Special duty with the Smithsonian Institution and United States Geological Survey; suffered a severe fall while mountain climbing in Oregon, resulting in amputation of left leg.
1884 Sent to Harvard College Observatory, Cambridge, Massachusetts
1885 Retired from active service due to physical disability
1885-86 Assistant Geologist, United States Geological Survey, Washington, D.C.
1887-93 Marine meteorologist and editor of pilot charts, United States Hydrographic Office, Washington, D.C.
1895-97 Secretary, National Geographic Society, Washington, D.C.
1898 Sent to United States Naval Observatory, Mare Island, California
1899 Assigned to United States Hydrographic Office, Manila, Philippine Islands
1900 Assigned to Office of Naval Intelligence, Washington, D.C.
1901 Restored to active list, commissioned a Lieutenant, then promoted to Lieutenant Commander
1902-10 In charge of chronometers and time service, United States Naval Observatory, Washington, D.C.
1905 Participated in United States Eclipse Expedition in Spain
1910 Promoted to captain
1910-15 Commandant, United States Naval Station and Seventh Naval District, Key West, Florida
1911-12 Assigned to United States Naval Home, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (November 1911-January 1912; November-December 1912)
1912 Commanded Cuban Longitude Party February-July
1915-21 Court-martial duty, Norfolk Navy Yard, Portsmouth, Virginia
1921 Retired with rank of Rear Admiral
1921 Returned to Washington, D.C., but traveled frequently, especially in Europe
17 November 1932 Died at Baltimore, Maryland.
Kate Reynolds Hayden (born ca. 1859) Originally from Lafayette, Indiana, Kate Reynolds married Edward Everett Hayden in 1882. When not on tour elsewhere, they resided in Washington D.C., living for many years (ca. 1888-1910) at the corner of 16th and S streets, NW. They had five children. Her papers are comprised of correspondence, financial materials, and photographic portraits.
Joseph Jones Reynolds (1822-1899) – J. J. Reynolds was the father of Kate Reynolds Hayden. He commanded the Indiana Volunteers during the Civil War, achieving the rank of major general. During the early years of Reconstruction, he had command of military districts in Texas and Louisiana; the general correspondence of 1865-67 contains copies of letters documenting his work there. Also included are military papers, financial material, and photographs. When he retired, he moved to Washington, D.C., with his wife, Mary Elizabeth Bainbridge Reynolds.
ADMIRAL HAYDEN DEAD AT AGE OF 74
Retired From the U.S. Navy in 1921 After a Long and Distinguished Career
Authority on Hurricanes
Made Many Contributions to Science as Meteorologist
To Be Buried in Arlington
WASHINGTON, November 17, 1932 – Rear Admiral Edward E. Hayden, USN, retired, died this morning at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, after a brief illness. He was 74 years old.
With him were his wife, the former Miss Kate Reynolds of Lafayette, Indiana; his son, Captain Reynolds Hayden, Medical Corps, USN, and Mrs. Hayden; another son, Major Herbert Bainbridge Hayden, USA, retired, of New York City and his daughter, Miss Mary Bainbridge Hayden.
Admiral Hayden is survived also by a son, Alfred, of Norfolk, Virginia, and a daughter, Dorothy, wife of Dr. Gaylord Palmer Coon of Harvard University, both of whom will arrive tomorrow.
Funeral services will be held at 10:30 A.M. on Saturday in Bethlehem Chapel of the Washing Cathedral. Burial will take place in Arlington National Cemetery with full military honors.
During his long and distinguished career Admiral Hayden made many important contributions to science, serving successively as assistant geologist of the United States Geologist Survey in 1885; marine meteorologist, United States Hydrographic Officer, and editor of the Pilot Chart, 1886-92; officer in charge of the Naval Observatory, Mare Island, California, 1898; in charge of the branch hydrographic office at Manila, 1899, and in charge of chronometers and time service at the Naval Observatory in Washington, 1902-10. He was an acknowledged authority on tropical hurricanes, the law of storms and Standard Time. On these subjects he had written extensively.
Admiral Hayden was born in Boston, April 14, 1858; appointed to the Naval Academy in 1875; was graduated in 1879, and thereafter promoted through the grades to Rear Admiral, retiring in 1921.
The Admiral wrote “West Indian Hurricanes and the March Blizzard, 1888,” and the poem, “O Mother Nature, An Evolutionist’s Prayer.”
HAYDEN, EDWARD EVERETT
R/ADM U S NAVY RETIRED
VETERAN SERVICE DATES: Unknown
DATE OF DEATH: 11/17/1932
DATE OF INTERMENT: 11/19/1932
BURIED AT: SECTION SPECI SITE 21
ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY
HAYDEN,KATE REYNOLDS W/O EDWARD EVERETT
DATE OF BIRTH: 03/24/1859
DATE OF DEATH: 03/11/1951
DATE OF INTERMENT: 03/15/1951
BURIED AT: SECTION 30 SITE 21 NH
ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY
WIFE OF EE HAYDEN – R/ADM USN
Michael Robert Patterson was born in Arlington and is the son of a former officer of the US Army. So it was no wonder that sooner or later his interests drew him to American history and especially to American military history. Many of his articles can be found on renowned portals like the New York Times, Washingtonpost or Wikipedia.
Reviewed by: Michael Howard