Born at Storm Lake, Iowa, July 4, 1882, he graduated from West Point in 1904, from the Harvard MBA Program at the Harvard School of Business Administration in 1929, from the Army War College in 1937. He married Verna Ellsworth Green on July 19, 1911.
He was commissioned a Second Lieutenant, Infantry, on July 19, 1904 and advanced through the grades to Colonel, Quartermaster Corps, 1935 and then on the Lieutenant General in 1945.
He served as Post Quartermaster-Commissary in the Philippunes, 1908-10 and at Fort Harrison, Montana, 1910-11. He then was an instructor of history and english at West Point, 1911-12 and served at the General Supply Depot, Jeffersonville, Indiana, 1917-21. He transferred to the Quartermaster Corps, 1920. In charge of Quartermaster, Columbus General Depot, 1921; served at the Settlement War Department, contracts division, Shanghai, China, 1922-24; with the New York National Guard, 1924-27; the Office of the Quartermaster General, Washington, D.C., 1928-33; at Headquarters, II Corps Area, 1933-36; the Office of the Quartermaster General, Washington, 1940-46, throughout World War II. He served as Chairman of the War Assets Corporation in 1946 and then retired from the Army in that same year. His medals include: The Distinguished Service Medal (2), the Legion of Honor (France) and Officer of the British Empire.
He died on January 26, 1961 and was buried in Section 2 of Arlington National Cemetery. His wife, Verna Ellsworth Green Gregory (1888-1966) is buried with him.
Courtesy of the U.S. Army Quartermaster Museum:
Lieutenant General Edmund Gregory
31st Quartermaster General
April 1940 – January 1946
Edmund B. Gregory was born at Storm Lake, Iowa on July 4, 1882. He graduated from the United States Military Academy, West Point, New York on June 15, 1904 with a commission as a 2nd Lieutenant of Infantry. After graduation he served with the 14th Infantry Regiment in the Philippines (November 1904-April 1905), at Vancouver Barracks, Washington (April 1905-January 1908), again in the Philippines (February 1908-February 1910) and Fort William Henry Harrison, Montana (February 1910-July 1911).
He served as an instructor in the Department of English and History, United States Military Academy (1911-12). He rejoined the 14th Infantry at Fort Lawton, Washington and was sent to the Philippines for his third tour (1912-15) with the 8th Infantry through March 1916, then 27th Infantry through December 1916. He was Assistant to the Quartermaster, Headquarters Philippine Department, Manila until July 1917. Returning to the United States he was assigned as Assistant to Supply Officer at the General Supply Depot, Jeffersonville, Indiana (1917-21). He performed duties as Assistant Quartermaster Supply Officer, Atlanta General Intermediate Depot (1921-22).
He then transferred to the Sales Branch, Office of the Assistant Secretary of War until August 1922.
From September 1922 to May 1924, he served in Shanghai, China as War Department representative in connection with cooperative union contracts with the United States for sale of war supplies. From May 1924 to October 1924 he served on temporary duty in the Office of the Assistant Secretary of War.
General Gregory was an instructor for the New York National Guard in New York City 1924-27. He attended Harvard Graduate School of Business, graduating in June 1929 with a Masters of Business Administration. He then worked in the Office of the Quartermaster General, Washington DC (1929-33). He was the Acting Quartermaster and later the Executive Officer, Office of the Quartermaster, Headquarters, 2d Corps Area, Governors Island, NY (1933-36). He attended the Army War College in 1937. He the served in the Office of Quartermaster General from June 1937 to April 1, 1940 when he was appointed as the Quartermaster General with the rank of Major General. On April 14, 1945 he was promoted to Lieutenant General, the first Quartermaster Officer to attain this rank.
As Quartermaster General during World War II, General Gregory was responsible for the development, procurement, distribution of billions of dollars worth of equipment and supplies. He supervised the training of thousands of Quartermaster soldiers and controlled more than 90,000 military and civilian personnel. Over 900,000 personnel were employed by contractors under his supervision. General Gregory made the following pledge to the individual combat soldiers that the Quartermaster Corps supported, “Let me make this simple promise to the American people. The Quartermaster Corps will never fail you boys! We will deliver the goods. Wherever they go–to whatever point American fighting men penetrate–Quartermasters will be by their side to “Keep 'em Rolling to Victory!”
Promotions: 1st Lieutenant on March 11, 1911; Captain on July 1, 1916; Major (Temporary) on August 5, 1917; Lieutenant Colonel (Temporary) on September 26, 1918. He reverted to his permanent rank of Captain on May 7, 1920; Major on July 1, 1920; Lieutenant Colonel on May, 30, 1928; Colonel on August 1, 1935; Major General (Quartermaster General) on April 1, 1940; Lieutenant General (Temporary) on April 14, 1945.
General Gregory died on 26 January 1961.
General Gregory was inducted into the Quartermaster Hall of Fame in 1986 (Charter Year).
Michael Robert Patterson was born in Arlington and is the son of a former officer of the US Army. So it was no wonder that sooner or later his interests drew him to American history and especially to American military history. Many of his articles can be found on renowned portals like the New York Times, Washingtonpost or Wikipedia.
Reviewed by: Michael Howard