Frederick Smith Strong of Michigan
Appointed from Michigan, Cadet, United States Military Academy, 14 June 1876 (11)
Second Lieutenant, 4th U. S. Artillery, 12 June 1880
First Lieutenant, 6 May 1887
Major, Assistant Adjutant General, United States Volunteers, 12 May 1898
Honorably discharged from the Volunteer Service, 31 March 1899
Captain, 4th U. S. Artillery, 2 March 1899
Artillery Corps, 2 February 1901
The Sunshine Division
The 40th (“Sunshine”) Division was organized at Camp Kearny, near San Diego, California, September 16, 1917, and was composed of National Guard organizations of the states of Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah. The Division enjoyed a continuity of policy and tradition, due to the unbroken command of Major General Frederick S. Strong, United States Army.
Major General Frederick S. Strong organized the 40th Division, and was its beloved commander during its World War days. An organization reflects its leader. General Strong was an accomplished soldier, an experienced administrator, a considerate and cultured gentleman of unblemished character and high ideals. he imparted his principals and spirit to his command. Especially and unceasingly was he solicitous for the physical and moral welfare of the men of his Division, in no way abating discipline, but constantly seeking to obtain for his men the best condition of life under the circumstances. The personnel of the 40th Division, old and new, will retain an abiding loyalty and affection for their “War-Time” Commanding General.
Order of Battle – American Forces – World War I
Fortieth Division (National Guard)
Popularly known as the “Sunshine Division.” Insignia, a golden sun superimposed on a blue circle. Organized at Camp Kearny, California in September, 1917. The division was made up from the National Guard troops from California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Arizona and New Mexico. (1st Ariz. Inf.; 2nd, 5th, and 7th Calif. Inf.; 1st Calif. M. G. Troop, 1st Separate Squadron Calif. Cav.; 1st and 2nd Calif. Fld. Arty.; Co. B, Calif. Sig. Corps.; Calif. Field Hospital and Amb. Cos. Nos. 1 and 2; 1st and 2nd Colo. Inf.; 1st Colo. Cav.; 1st Bn. Colo. Engrs.; Co. B, Colo. Sig. Corps and 1st Colo. Engr. Train; 1st New Mexico Inf.; 1st New Mex. Fld. Arty. And New Mex. Field Hospital Co. No. 1.) First units embarked for overseas on August 7th and the last units arrived in France on Aug. 28th. . Upon arrival in France the division was made a replacement division and was ordered to La Guerche (Cher) and became the 6th Depot Division. The division was then broken up and its personnel was used as replacements for combat divisions at the front.
Maj. Gen. Frederick S. Strong commanded the division from the time of its organization. The division was composed of the following organizations: 79th and 80th Brigs., 65th Fld. Arty. Brig., 157th, 158th, 159th, 160th Inf. Regts., 143d, 144th, 145th Machine Gun Bns., 143d, 144th, 145th Fld. Arty. Regts, 115th Trench Mortar Battery, 115th Engr. Regt. And Train; 115th Fld. Sig. Bn., 115th Hqs. Train and M.P., 115th Amm. Train, 115th Sanitary Train (157th, 158th, 159th, 160th Amb. Cos. And Field Hospitals).
Long before the 8-inch guns arrived at Fort Rosecrans, the Adjutant General announced that the battery was named in honor of the late Major General Frederick S. Strong, who graduated from West Point in 1880 and was appointed a lieutenant in the 4th Artillery. From 1916 to 1917, Brig. Gen. Strong commanded the Department of Hawaii. Promoted to major general in 1917, he organized the 40th Division (California National Guard) at Camp Kearny, California and took it to France in 1918. General Strong died in 1935 and was buried in Arlington National Cemetery.
STRONG, FREDERICK S
- MAJ GEN US ARMY RET
- DATE OF DEATH: 03/09/1935
- BURIED AT: SECTION WEST SITE 176
ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY
STRONG, ALICE MARION W/O FREDERICK S
- DATE OF DEATH: 09/08/1936
- BURIED AT: SECTION WEST SITE 178
ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY
Michael Robert Patterson was born in Arlington and is the son of a former officer of the US Army. So it was no wonder that sooner or later his interests drew him to American history and especially to American military history. Many of his articles can be found on renowned portals like the New York Times, Washingtonpost or Wikipedia.
Reviewed by: Michael Howard