Henry Clay Merriam was born at Holton, Maine, November 13, 1837. He served as Captain, 20th Infantry, August 20, 1862; resigned January 7, 1863; Captain, 80th U.S. Colored Troops, March 11, 1863; Lieutenant Colonel, 85th U.S. Colored Troops, May 21, 1864; honorably mustered out, October 24, 1876; Colonel, 38th United States Infantry, June 28, 1866; Lieutenant Colonel, 2nd United States Infantry, June 10, 1876; Colonel, 7th United States Infantry, June 10, 1885; Brigadier General, United States Army, June 30, 1897; Major General of United States Volunteers, May 4, 1898-February 24, 1899; advanced to Major General, United States Army, and retired, February 19, 1903.
Merriam was brevetted Colonel of United States Volunteers, March 26, 1865, “for faithful and meritorious services during the campaign against Mobile; Lieutenant Colonel, March 2, 1867 for the same at Antietam; and he was awarded the Medal of Honor, June 28, 1894, for “conspicious gallantry at Fort Blakeley, April 9, 1865.”
Merriam served in numerous expeditions against hostile Indians and also in defense of American citizens on both sides of the Rio Grande River (Mexico-United States) during the revolutionary uprisings, 1873-76. He commanded the Department of the olorado, 19001-01. He was also the inventor of the Merriam Infantry Pack.
General Merriam died on November 18, 1912 and was buried in Section 1 of Arlington National Cemetery. His wife, Una McPherson Merriam (1843-1933) is buried with him. His son, Henry MacPherson Merrill, Colonel, United States Army, is buried in Section 3 of Arlington National Cemetery. The General's grandson, Henry L. Merriam, who died in 1918, is buried in Section 8 of Arlington National Cemetery and is listed only as the son of Henry M. Merrill.
His brother, Lewis Merriam, Captain, United States Army, is buried nearby in Section 1.
MERRIAM, HENRY C.
Rank and organization: Lieutenant Colonel, 73d U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Fort Blakely, Alabama, 9 April 1865. Entered service at: Houlton, Maine. Birth: Houlton, Maine. Date of issue: 28 June 1894.
Volunteered to attack the enemy's works in advance of orders and, upon permission being given, made a most gallant assault.
MERRIAM, HENRY C
- MAJOR GEN USA
- DATE OF DEATH: 11/18/1912
- BURIED AT: SECTION B SITE 114
- ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY
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Michael Robert Patterson was born in Arlington and is the son of a former officer of the US Army. So it was no wonder that sooner or later his interests drew him to American history and especially to American military history. Many of his articles can be found on renowned portals like the New York Times, Washingtonpost or Wikipedia.
Reviewed by: Michael Howard