James Milton Pipes – Captain, United States Army

Born in Green County, Pennsylvania, on November 10, 1840, he served during the Civil War with Company A, 140th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry and was awarded the Medal of Honor on April 5, 1898 for his service at the Battle of Gettysburg in July 1863.

He died on December 1, 1928 and was buried in Section 3 of Arlington National Cemetery. His wife, Martha Rowens Pipes, died in 1923 and is buried alongside him.



Rank and organization: Captain, Company A, 140th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, 2 July 1863; At Reams Station, Virginia, 25 August 1864. Entered service at: ——. Birth: Green County, Pennsylvania. Date of issue: 5 April 1898.


While a sergeant and retiring with his company before the rapid advance of the enemy at Gettysburg, he and a companion stopped and carried to a place of safety a wounded and helpless comrade; in this act both he and his companion were severely wounded. A year later, at Reams Station, Virginia, while commanding a skirmish line, voluntarily assisted in checking a flank movement of the enemy, and while so doing was severely wounded, suffering the loss of an arm.

At Gettysburg, on July 2, 1863 the 140th Pennsylvania was assigned to the 3rd Brigade of the 2nd division of the 2nd Army Corp. Lieutenant James Jackson Purman and James Milton Pipes were part of the 140th Pennsylvania, and both were awarded the Medal of Honor for their heroism at Gettysburg.

Photo Courtesy of the National Archives




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